- secondary publication right modified Urheberrechtsgesetz §38 (4) UrhG
- allows author of a scientific work to make the manuscript version available to the public
- scientific work has to be generated in the context of a research activity and published in a periodical collection (at least biannually)
- law applies to scientific publications in journals and magazines
- law does not apply to monographs, proceedings, annuals, commemorative publications
- scientific work was funded minimum 50% by public funds (by federal, state, municipal sources)
- includes non-university research facilities but not universities
- period of twelve months has passed after the first publication of the scientific work
- starting 1. January 2014
- only publication for non-commercial purposes is allowed
- source of the first publication has to be named
- ask your co-authors before re-publishing
- printed re-publishing is not allowed
Publication costs for articles in open access journals can be partly absorbed by the Open Access Publishing Fund of the Leibniz Association. Publishers often charge authors with an “article processing charge (APC)” on open access articles. Please refer to the Open-Access-Commission if you want to use this funding.
Previously unpublished articles can be partially (20%) funded under the following conditions and upon the request of the main author:
- The article was accepted for publication in a journal whose contributions are accessible online fully and immediately with publication free of charge to all users (“genuine open access journal”) and underwent a process of quality assurance before publication. The journal should be listed in the “Directory of Open Access Journals” (DOAJ).
- A member of an institution of the Leibniz Association is the “corresponding author” or “submitting author” and responsible for the payment of article processing charges. The institute’s affiliation has to be stated in the article.
- An acknowledgement of the funding has to be added to the article: “The publication of this article was funded by the open access fund of the Leibniz Association”.
- If the article is not published under a Creative Commons license, a second publication right for institutional and subject-specific repositories must be granted by the publisher before the invoice can be paid.
- Additional charges for rapid peer review, over length, etc. as well as pure submission fees will not be funded.
- The article’s processing charges (including tax) do not exceed € 2.000.
- Applications are submitted by the corresponding author via an online form
- If you have any further questions please contact the project-team: publikationsfonds(at)leibniz-gemeinschaft.de
source: Open Access Publishing Fund
According to WIAS’ Open Access Policy all scientists are encouraged to retain their copyright in order to deposit their work on WIAS’ repository. There are two ways to achieve this:
- Edit the publishers agreement: Publishers often will accept changed agreements: edit wording of contract so that instead of granting exclusive rights to the publisher, you grant non-exclusive rights. Initiate the changes and submit a signed copy to the publisher.
- Alternatively, you can still sign a publisher’s agreement and retain some rights by adding an addendum (OA Addendum) to the agreement. Author Addenda are legal instruments that modify the publisher’s agreement and allow you to keep key rights to your articles. However, addenda need to be signed by the publisher.
Some examples for OA Addenda:
Why should I retain my copyright? offers a quick review of pros and cons.
Prof. Reinhard Diestel’s homepage at University of Hamburg provides a good overview of copyright in mathematics (including modified copyright examples).
Creative Commons 4.0 International Licenses – Open Content
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. CC BY 4.0
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution – NonCommercial 4.0 International License. CC BY-NC 4.0
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution – NonCommercial – NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution – NonCommercial – ShareAlike 4.0 International License. CC BY-NC-SA 4.0
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution – NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. CC BY-ND 4.0
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution – ShareAlike 4.0 International License. CC BY-SA 4.0
Open Data Commons Licenses – Licenses for databases
Open Data Commons Attributions License ODC-BY 1.0
GNU General Public Licenses – Licenses for Software
GNU General Public License (GPL) version 2 (#GPLv2)
GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) version 2.1 (#LGPLv2.1)
GNU All-Permissive License (#GNUAllPermissive)
MIT License – License for Software
MIT License MIT
What is Open Access?
- Unrestricted online access to peer-reviewed scholarly research
- Free of charge
- Free of most restrictions on use (though attribution is still a must)
- Defined by the Bethesda, Berlin and Budapest statements on open access publishing
What are the Benefits?
- Increases impact – studies have found that OA research has higher citation rates
- Increases the amount of accessible research – no more being locked out by paywalls
- Stimulates collaboration
- Unrestricted access to research, regardless of economic status or institutional affiliation
- Freedom to use and re-purpose research materials in new and interesting ways
- Enables access to the research that their taxes fund and encourages lifelong learning
- Allows independent researchers to access research
- Gives businesses and other organisations access to research and encourages innovation
How do you make your work openly accessible?
There are two routes to open access:
Gold Open Access
- Available immediately upon publication
- Available at the source of publication (usually the journal website)
- No charge at point of access for users
- Typically paid for with APCs (article processing charges) though there are other business models
- Typically made available under a Creative Commons licence
Green Open Access (or self-archiving)
- Subject to journal enforced embargo periods
- Available from a secondary source, such as a subject or institutional repository
- Author accepted manuscript rather than formatted publisher version deposited by authors themselves
- Check SHERPA/RoMEO for your journal’s Green OA policy
Article Processing Charges
- Fees charged to authors by journals to recover the costs of publication
- Average price around €1.200 but can vary between €0 and €4.000+
- Fees charged by hybrid journals tend to cost more than those charged by pure open access journals
Pure or Hybrid?
- Pure open access journals contain only work made openly accessible
- Hybrid journals contain a mix of both open access and subscription based content
- Some of these journals have been accused of “double dipping” as they are receiving income from both APCs and journal subscriptions
Too much Text?
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ORCID® iDs are unique researcher identifiers designed to provide a transparent method for linking researchers and contributors to their activities and outputs. arXiv allows you to link your ORCID iD with your arXiv account. This linkage will allow your works on arXiv to be unambiguously connected to your works in other systems. It will help with the ongoing challenge of distinguishing your research activities from those of others with similar names.
ORCID iD with arXiv
Ab Januar 2018 gibt eine Open-Access-Vereinbarung den Publizierenden die Möglichkeit, in den drei führenden APS-Zeitschriften aus dem Bereich Hochenergiephysik (HEP) „Physical Review C“, „Physical Review D“ und „Physical Review Letters“ Gold Open Access zu veröffentlichen, d.h. die Artikel sind damit sofort bei Erstveröffentlichung frei verfügbar.
Three APS journals Physical Review C, Physical Review D and Physical Review Letters will be open access as from January 2018.
Therefore, all authors worldwide will be able to publish their high-energy physics articles in the three journals at no direct cost.
Millions of research papers are available for free on government and university web servers, legally uploaded by the authors themselves, with the express permission of publishers. Unpaywall automatically harvests these freely shared papers from thousands of legal institutional repositories, preprint servers, and publishers, making them all availabe to you as you read.