What is Open Access?

What is Open Access?

  • Unrestricted online access to peer-reviewed scholarly research
  • Free of charge
  • Free of most restrictions on use (though attribution is still a must)
  • Defined by the BethesdaBerlin and Budapest statements on open access publishing

What are the Benefits?

  • Increases impact – studies have found that OA research has higher citation rates
  • Increases the amount of accessible research – no more being locked out by paywalls
  • Stimulates collaboration
  • Unrestricted access to research, regardless of economic status or institutional affiliation
  • Freedom to use and re-purpose research materials in new and interesting ways
  • Enables access to the research that their taxes fund and encourages lifelong learning
  • Allows independent researchers to access research
  • Gives businesses and other organisations access to research and encourages innovation

How do you make your work openly accessible?

There are two routes to open access:

Gold Open Access
  • Available immediately upon publication
  • Available at the source of publication (usually the journal website)
  • No charge at point of access for users
  • Typically paid for with APCs (article processing charges) though there are other business models
  • Typically made available under a Creative Commons licence
Green Open Access (or self-archiving)
  • Subject to journal enforced embargo periods
  • Available from a secondary source, such as a subject or institutional repository
  • Author accepted manuscript rather than formatted publisher version deposited by authors themselves
  • Check SHERPA/RoMEO for your journal’s Green OA policy

Article Processing Charges

  • Fees charged to authors by journals to recover the costs of publication
  • Average price around €1.200 but can vary between €0 and €4.000+
  • Fees charged by hybrid journals tend to cost more than those charged by pure open access journals

Pure or Hybrid?

  • Pure open access journals contain only work made openly accessible
  • Hybrid journals contain a mix of both open access and subscription based content
  • Some of these journals have been accused of “double dipping” as they are receiving income from both APCs and journal subscriptions

Too much Text?

Watch a short video:

Creative Commons License
source: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Link to the original. Link to the creator.

Was ist Open Access?

Was ist Open Access?

  • wissenschaftliche Literatur und wissenschaftliche Materialien für alle Nutzerinnen und Nutzer frei zugänglich
  • kostenlos und möglichst frei von technischen und rechtlichen Barrieren
  • die einzige Einschränkung, den jeweiligen Autorinnen und Autoren Kontrolle über ihre Arbeit zu belassen
  • definiert in den Erklärungen von BethesdaBerlin und Budapest

Argumente für Open Access?

  • Freier Zugang zu öffentlich finanzierten Forschungsergebnissen
  • Erhöhte Sichtbarkeit und Zitierhäufigkeit von Dokumenten
  • Schneller und kostenloser Zugang zu wissenschaftlicher Information
  • Gute Auffindbarkeit über Suchmaschinen und Nachweisdienste
  • Partizipation an den Vorteilen digitaler Dokumente
  • Verbesserung der Informationsversorgung und Ausweg aus der Zeitschriftenkrise
  • Förderung der internationalen und interdisziplinären Zusammenarbeit
  • Förderung der Forschungseffizienz
  • Verbleib der Verwertungsrechte bei der Autorin/beim Autor
  • Langfristige Verfügbarkeit der Dokumente
  • Vorteile in vernetzten, IT-gestützten Arbeitsumgebungen
  • Prioritätssicherung

Welche Open-Access-Strategie?

Zwei Wege führen zu Open Access:

Der goldene Weg
  • Erstveröffentlichung wissenschaftlicher Werke im Open Access
  • Publikationsgebühren (Article Fees oder Article Processing Charges (APCs)) als typisches Finanzierungsmodell
  • Open-Access-Publikationslizenz regelt weitergehende und genau spezifizierte Rechte der Nutzerinnen und Nutzer
Der grüne Weg (Selbstarchivierung)
  • zusätzliche Veröffentlichung von Dokumenten auf institutionellen oder disziplinären Open-Access-Dokumentenservern
  • Bereitschaft von Zeitschriften und Verlagen, die Selbstarchivierung von Postprints oder Preprints zuzulassen, ist recht unterschiedlich
  • überblick darüber, was Verlage den Autorinnen und Autoren gestatten gibt SHERPA/RoMEO

Article processing charges

  • Zahlung der Publikationskosten durch die Autorin/den Autor bzw. eine dritte Seite (Institution, Arbeitgeber)
  • durchschnittliche Kosten liegen bei €1.200 aber können zwischen €0 und €4.000+ liegen
  • stark umstrittenes Geschäftsmodell ist die Erhebung von APC bei der optionalen Freistellung von Artikeln in Closed-Access-Zeitschriften (hybride Zeitschriften)

Reine Open-Access-Zeitschriften oder hybride Zeitschriften?

  • reine Open-Access-Zeitschriften enthalten ausschließlich frei zugängliche Inhalte
  • hybride Zeitschriften enthalten sowohl kostenpflichtige (Subskription) als auch frei zugängliche Inhalte
  • doppelte Bezahlung aus öffentlichen Mitteln: Abonnement und zusätzliche Einnahmen für die freigestellten Artikel

Zuviel Text?

Hier gibt es ein Video:

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Quelle: Dieses Werk ist lizenziert unter einer Creative Commons Namensnennung 3.0 Unported Lizenz. Link zum Original. Link zum Urheber.

Paywall: The Business of Scholarship (Full Movie) CC BY 4.0

Paywall: The Business of Scholarship, produced by Jason Schmitt, provides focus on the need for open access to research and science, questions the rationale behind the $25.2 billion a year that flows into for-profit academic publishers, examines the 35-40% profit margin associated with the top academic publisher Elsevier and looks at how that profit margin is often greater than some of the most profitable tech companies like Apple, Facebook and Google. For more information please visit: Paywallthemovie.com

Paywall: The Business of Scholarship (Full Movie) CC BY 4.0 from Paywall The Movie on Vimeo.

Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Scopus: a systematic comparison of citations in 252 subject categories

Google Scholar found nearly all WoS (95%) and Scopus (92%) citations […] in all areas GS citation data is essentially a superset of WoS and Scopus, with substantial extra coverage. Now in Journal of Informetrics. FREE

Abstract

Despite citation counts from Google Scholar (GS), Web of Science (WoS), and Scopus being widely consulted by researchers and sometimes used in research evaluations, there is no recent or systematic evidence about the differences between them. In response, this paper investigates 2,448,055 citations to 2,299 English-language highly-cited documents from 252 GS subject categories published in 2006, comparing GS, the WoS Core Collection, and Scopus. GS consistently found the largest percentage of citations across all areas (93%-96%), far ahead of Scopus (35%-77%) and WoS (27%-73%). GS found nearly all the WoS (95%) and Scopus (92%) citations. Most citations found only by GS were from non-journal sources (48%-65%), including theses, books, conference papers, and unpublished materials. Many were non-English (19%-38%), and they tended to be much less cited than citing sources that were also in Scopus or WoS. Despite the many unique GS citing sources, Spearman correlations between citation counts in GS and WoS or Scopus are high (0.78-0.99). They are lower in the Humanities, and lower between GS and WoS than between GS and Scopus. The results suggest that in all areas GS citation data is essentially a superset of WoS and Scopus, with substantial extra coverage.

Paper DOI

10.31235/osf.io/42nkm

License

No license